# Origin of neutrino “mass”

The neutrino has a small “mass” manifestation.

The Standard Model declares the neutrino as a fundamental particle. Consequently, it is a point particle. Nevertheless, the neutrino shows a small mass behavior, for which the origin is unclear. It is as if this mass does not require spatial extension or substance.

The Dutch Paradigm attempt to identify that origin.

To recall, at the restart in period 3, The Dutch Paradigm postulates that all the photons and neutrinos went through the same event, that resulted in

1. The same time delay: 1 TPlanck
2. The same propagation speed: c
3. The same amplitude of the EM manifestations
4. The same start frequency of the EM manifestations
5. The same clock frequency for update of values of the EM manifestations

The EM manifestations of the neutrino are:

While the photon has

The photon and the neutrino propagate through space at the speed of light. The neutrino has the electromagnetic manifestations in a rotational mode, as a cardioid.

A question is: what is the rotational speed of the EM-manifestations of the neutrino?

The start frequency is as per calculation in reverse engineering approximately

F= 1,54.10²³ Hz

The amplitude of the EM manifestations as from the diameter of the face on a twin-dodecahedron.

Aₑₘ = 0,68/2 = 0,34 fm

That brings the circular speed of the EM manifestation of a neutrino at maximum amplitude at:

V= 2π.0,34.1,54.10²³=  3,28.10⁸ m/s

Obviously, that results from estimated values but is in the order of magnitude of the speed of light.

c = 2,99.10⁸  m/s

Therefore, it is plausible that the EM manifestations of the neutrino have the speed of light indeed intentional as its circular speed at maximum amplitude.

It is obvious that it is not possible to establish three assumptions at the same time:

1.The same propagation speed: c for EM manifestations

2.The same amplitude of the EM manifestations

3. The same frequency of the EM manifestations

Somewhere in the equations factor π is in and makes perfect equality not possible.

It is likely that the rotational frequency of the neutrino is reduced to avoid overspeeding relative to the speed of light. This requires a reduction of the frequency and transfer of Δ hf to the free magnetic manifestation. This is recognized by regular science as the mass equivalent.

Regular science measures a mass equivalent of the neutrino of 0,04 up to 2,5 eV.

It is likely that there is a compensating vibration active to avoid the circular speed of the amplitude of the cardioid breaching the speed of light. It is a similar type of compensating vibration as will be explained in the chapter on inertia.

Regular science measures a mass equivalent of the neutrino of 0,04 up to 2,5 eV.

The Dutch Paradigm assumes that the energy content of that reduction of frequency is equivalent to this value by a reduction of the quant hF of free energy relative to a reduction in the frequency of approx. 10¹⁴ Hz. Therefore, the frequency in the EM manifestations reduces with the same 10¹⁴Hz.

That frequency reduction is within the bandwidth of visible light.