The electron is a construct, not a fundamental point particle
In The Dutch Paradigm, the electron is a construct of a photon and a neutrino.
The electromagnetic manifestations of the photon and the neutrino initiate through interference a spatial arrangement of the entities relative to each other.
At the restart, all these photons and neutrinos went through the same event, that resulted in
- The same time delay: 1 TPlanck
- The same propagation speed: c
- The same amplitude of the EM manifestations
- The same start frequency of the EM manifestations
- The same clock frequency for update of values of the EM manifestations
A model of the electron, as well as an animation of the sequence of interference steps to construct the electron, will be used for explanation.
Referring to a model in Particle Physics requires imagination. It requires that we imagine a graphic representation as representative of phenomena that are themselves not visible and not tangible. The entities photon and neutrino lack spatial extension. They are observable only through their electromagnetic manifestations. These manifestations are not visible of tangible either but do have a distinct spatial extension. These manifestations mutually interfere, and properties rearrange.
The spatial rearrangement of the manifestations under interference is specific for the construct. Such a spatial arrangement is ultimately observable.
The model for the electron is:
Interference of the magnetic manifestation arranges the photon in orbit around the neutrino. It has gamma frequency and circles at the speed of light.
The plane of the orbit is perpendicular to the direction of propagation of the construct electron. The magnetic manifestations under interferences are graphically simplified. The electric manifestation of the photon is in the direction of propagation as well. As a consequence of the magnetic system interfering with a cardioid system, the electric manifestation of the photon becomes asymmetric.
This interference is possible due to the availability of the free electric energy of the photon. It is the “particle” as identified by regular science as particle/wave behavior of the photon.
The animation of the photon as given in this chapter is in fact slightly different because of the phase shift between the electric and the magnetic manifestations.
The phase shift represents the free electric energy at a value of hF.
As from the start of period 3, a spatial encounter of a photon and a neutrino became consequential. Whenever such an event occurred, then the free electric energy of a photon could interfere during 1 TPlanck with the magnetic manifestation of the neutrino.
The result of such an encounter is the forming of the construct electron.
A simplified visualization of this sequence of events is in the following animation.
The occasion of the encounter of the free electric energy of the photon with the cardioid magnetic manifestation of the neutrino induces a momentum due to the Lorentz force. This momentum rotates the photon – being the entity without a mass manifestation – relative to the neutrino. At 90⁰ rotation, the momentum is zero, and the magnetic manifestations of the photon and neutrino interfere and lock in a combined manifestation. The magnetic manifestation that compensates for the electric manifestation of the photon is in that condition asymmetric. That implies similar consequences for the electric manifestation: it becomes asymmetric as well. The electric manifestation of the photon now as part of the electron alternates in the direction of propagation of the newly formed construct.
Particle Physics recognize that asymmetry of the electron as the electric charge.
The model of the electron clarifies some additional phenomena:
- Electron oscillation
The frequency of the photon is some 10¹⁴ Hz higher, and the magnetic manifestation of the photon will close the gap of the backlog in magnetic compensation of the neutrino. That induces an oscillation from left-handed to right-handed chirality and reverse at a frequency level of the visible light.
The electron will oscillate between up- and downwards asymmetry. The second state is the positron.
Whenever an electron is under the interference of Coulomb forces, the oscillation triggers an additional rotation of the construct. This combination of change-over of chirality and rotation is the spinor.
- The electric manifestation is quasi-isotropic
When the spinor induces alternation of the construct into rotational behavior, then the asymmetrical electric manifestation becomes quasi-isotropic.
- Reduction in speed of the construct electron
The limit for propagation is the speed of light. Due to the electric manifestation now in the direction of the propagation reduces the speed of the construct accordingly.
- Reduction in frequency of the construct
The combined magnetic manifestation reduces to a level in which the rotational speed of the cardioid is at the speed of light.
- Free magnetic energy
The reduction of frequency implies that free energy reduces as per ΔhF. This energy transfers into free magnetic energy. That is monopolar gravity.
- Surface inflation
The magnetic manifestations of the electron are active on a flat surface, perpendicular to the direction of propagation. The interference of the two magnetic manifestations inflates the size of that active surface.
- Photon/photon interference
The photon in orbit at the speed of light can have interference with external photons. That is photonic capture and release.
In this way, the model of the electron is helpful in a better understanding of the role of this construct in its environment.
It is not a fundamental point particle.